Boliva enclosed big treasures for those that are looking for nature, the fauna and flora of America of the South, Ancient Cultures of last times as the empires. Many of these scenes are virgin and remote and they require from their visit to the high of the adventure.
Overland expedition by 4×4 W.D. of one day to seven days of trip that it crosses the remote region of Potosí – Bolivia where you will find, Fantastic Lagoons, Deserts of salt, spectacular Deserts of different times and the blue sky.
The trips are comfortable by 4×4 W.D. there are trips in which we will carry out walks, generally with landscapes in the days of exploration in the area, Fish Island, Sol de Mañana (Geysers and Fumaroles), Volcanos Licancabur, Ollague, Tunupa and Uturuncu. The program includes visits of places archeological and Colonial constructions as the Mummies of Tunupa, Chulpares of Llica and Jirira.
If you are interested in visiting Salt Fltas of Uyuni the best starting point and encounter is in the Potosi city. The Desert of Salt Flats of Uyuni is located in the center of the Potosí Department.
Departure of Potosí on the route Uyuni, you will appreciate charming views,the mountainous region of the flat highland, the oriental mountain ranges. You will observe llamas, vicuñas and Andean wild cats, as well as the local Flora as the Andean grass (ichu),la Yareta, thola, and variety of birds of the national reservation of Andean fauna Eduardo Avaroa.»
We will cross country towns as Tica – Tica, Yura, Pulacayo; we will visit the mine of Pulacayo and we will observe some historical and legendary trains as the train assaulted by Robert Leroy Parker and Harry Alonzo Longabaugh better known as Butch Cassidy and Sundance Kid.
Andes Salt Expeditions and Braulio Raúl Mamani J. (recommended by the books guides of tourism: Lonely Planet, South American Hand Book) it is a company that works from 1980 specialist in organized excursion to Salt Flats of Uyuni, Coloured Lagoon, Green Lagoon, Tupiza, San Pedro of Atacama.
Visits to the Rich Hill of Potosí to a height of 4800 m.s.n.m., in an unforgettable experience. Nobody knows how much silver it has been extracted of the Rich Hill during their four and a half centuries of productivity, but a popular boasting was that Spanish could build a silver bridge from Potosí to Spain.
You will visit the mines of the Rich Hill of Potosí that date of the Colonía .The silver mountain or Sumaj Orcko for the argentiferous locations has well received the Wolrd Cultural Natural Heritage Site, «Messenger of the Peace» declared by the UNESCO.
The visit to the private cooperative mines, is an unforgettable experience.
You will be able to appreciate the one sacrificed today’s miners’ work. The work of exploitation of the silver began in the colonial period and staying today using the same tools of exploitation.
The greatnes of the Potosí City don’t have comparation in the world, its history and splendour .The city was founded by the spaniards or 1 april in 1545 with the discovery of the sumaj orcko (Cerro Rico) an the veins proved so rich that the mines quick became the world’s most prolific. 46.000 tonnes amount of silver once extracted during 16th 17th 18th centuries and same time 8.000.000 Indians died of accidents, mercury (metal), silicosis, etc. At an altitude of 3.990 m.s.n.m. it’s the world’s highest city. Potosí blossomed, and towards the end of the 16th century, Potosí’s population grew to 160.000.
POTOSI: SUPREME CITY OF THE PEAK
Any city on the coarse one makes of the western Indians won by the king from Spain – except Mexico maybe – had had a more suggestive, or more important course that Potosí in the viceroyalty of the Peru. The colorful history of this indigenous silver mountain begins when the Inca Huayna K’apac wants to almost dig one century that the Spaniards arrive. It counts the legend that a terrifying noise paralyzes it and a mysterious voice orders to the Quechua one you don’t take out the Silver of this hill that this dedicated for other owners». The conquerors didn’t listen in 1545 a command similar to having news on the rich argentiferous mineral for one Indians that had discovered it accidentally and it is certain that listening would not even have hesitated him in the one rise of prices, absolute owners in right. They began, because, to work immediately in Potosi that will be one of the celebrated mining centers in the history of the world.
Searchers of treasures rained of Spain and other parts, on this wilderness and inhospitable place banked to extract the silver of the hill, mountain in form of bread of sugar that rises majestic to a height of 4890 on the level of the sea. The first census made by the viceroy Francisco Toledo one 25 years after the new of the vein to shine for the first time in the supreme world the incredible reason of 120000 inhabitants. Toward 1650 the population had ascended to 160000 souls, is said and in Potosí was without dispute the biggest city in America of the South as soon as the colonies of Virginia and Massachusetts Bay Colony was hardly some creatures unconscious balbuseantes of its I thrive future, Potosí had already lavished such a quantity of Silver that its name only constituted an universal symbol of unheard wealth, as he notices of the Cuisse or Sancho Paunch. The Spaniards said it: » A Potosí is worth the sentence ace rich Potosí it became average in the English literature. After a generation after their discovery, the astronomical quantities of extracted silver of there they were known by the enemies from Spain and other towns in corners far from the world. The Portuguese rivals always alert of Spain they marked Potosí soon in their geographical letters and until in the father’s Chinese map Ricci, figures in the correct position with the name of Mount Pci-tu-hsi.
The prosperity lasted about three centuries. In their course the Villa Imperial the title that officially put him him emperor Carlos V was inhabited by such a rich society and disordered as the world had hardly seen before the bad habit, the pity, the crime, the parties of the potosinos, everything assumed enormous proportions there. In 1556 for example, to the eleven years of their foundation the village celebrated Felipe’s coronation II with an I celebrate that it lasted twenty-four days and cost eight million pesos. In 1577 three million pesos were invested in formidable to work hydraulic, progress that I announce an era of even more prosperity.
Toward the end of the century the mining of the enjoy could choose between fourteen dance schools and thirty six game houses, and they had a theater whose seats cost from forty to fifty pesos. Soon after celebrating an ecclesiastical event, one of the governors organizes a grandiose party», in the one that exhibited a former made garden I profess, locking in their closing how many fierce animals had Noé’s ark .There canes that flowed vine, chicha and it dilutes at the same time. The Augustinian columnist of the XVII century, Brother Antonio of the Calancha declares: «the signs of Libra prevail in Potosí, Venus, almost they are those more than they bow to those that there they had to be greedy, music friends, banquets, workers to acquire wealth something dice to venereal likes». The scarce news today by hand they highlight in similar form the carnal pleasures that it offered the rich argentiferous seat, as well as the strange admirable and miraculous event of their tumultuous history. It can be said that our knowledge Potosí has more than enough it still lies in the folkloric stadium.
For many years Potosí was the supreme city of the peak and of the turbulence the betrayal, the homicide and the civil war flourished as natural fruit of the fire, the intrigue, the enmity between peninsular Spaniards and American Creoles and the rivalry for the favor of the women. The bloody fight ends up being a hobby a grateful activity. Until the cabilantes to the armed agreements with swords and gun’s and protected with breastplates and bench marks. The home Brother Rodrigo of Loayza characterized that damned hill of Potosí like a zarhuerda of iniquity more the Viceroy Garcia Hurtado of Mendoza declared on the other hand that the seat was the main nerve of that Kingdom.
Making it the largest city in Latin America and one of the largest in the world siluer extraction continues on only a small scala, but reminders of the grand colonial city are still evidend in the narrow streets, formal balconied mansions, ornate and the «Casa Real de la Moneda» (Royal Mint) is the city’s star atraction and one of south America’s Finestand most interesting museums.
In 1987, UNESCO named Potosí a world heritage site in recognition of its rich and tragic history and its wealth of colonial architecture, Silver Mountain, Mining Hydraulic Plants (Ingenios Mineros) and Mining Hydraulic Lagoons of Kari Kari Population. 145,057; alt 3990; climatic es mild.